HANDY HINTS

If you know a handy hint that may be useful to mini enthusiasts please contact the AMR* to have your hint included.

Rose Hip and Camomile teabags
Keep some rosehip and camomile teabags. They are very good to put in feed if a horse is looking off colour and you are not sure what the problem is. Sprinkle the contents of one of each teabag over feed. Camomile has antiseptic and anti inflammatory properties and is very good to use for runny noses. If a camomile teabag is used in hot water the liquid, when cooled down, is great as an eye wash for sore eyes. Rosehip is very high in vitamin C and helps to remove any toxins.
Submitted with thanks by Sibby Stieber of Golden Reins Stud

Vitamin C
Vitamin C is handy to have in your equine medicine cabinet. Liquid Vitamin C should be kept in your refrigerator. It can be used to treat colic. Either inject 5-20mls of liquid Vitamin C or crush 4-8 1000mg tablets in water and syringe into the mouth (the small dose for a foal, the largest for an adult). Repeat in 12 hours if necessary.

Vitamin C can also be used to treat snake bite and other poisons. Dilated pupils, staggering and/or collapse are signs of snake bite. Inject 20mls either side of the neck (intramuscular) and repeat in an hour if the horse has not recovered. Injection is necessary as a snake bite can make swallowing difficult.

Eye problems
A cloudy area on the eye ball accompanied by a pussy discharge and/or tears is usually signs of a grass seed in the eye. Grass seeds can usually be removed by folding back the eye lid and pulling or flushing the grass seed out. The grass seed must be removed, if you cannot get it yourself call your vet. A dose of Orbenin eye cream usually mends any damage done to the eye by the grass seed. Orbetin is also useful for the treatment of conjunctivitis, a condition that is often spread by flies. Scratches and cuts on the eyeball will usually need veterinary treatment but if caught quickly the eye can quite often be healed.

Fly Veils
Full face flyveils are helpful for fly control, sun damage and prevention of grass seeds in the eyes.

Ticks
A dab of tea tree oil will kill a tick as well as making it let go. Tick poisoning can be treated with Vitamin C.

Temperature
A handy hint for telling if your horse is warm enough is to feel his ears. Start at the base of the ear and slowly move you hard up to the tip of the ear. If the whole ear is the same temperature, your horse is warm. If the tip of the ear is colder than the base, he is not as warm... but don't be too alarmed, sometimes people can feel warm but still have cold hands.... so unless there is a dramatic difference in temp he is probably still ok.

Stable Amusement
A cheap way to keep your horse occupied in the stable is to tie up an old plastic bottle (remembering to take of the lid) using bailer twine (easily broken) and your horse will have a great time with it chewing and nudging it around in the air!

Quick Coat Clean
If you like to give your horse a good brush but can’t seem to get the grease off, get some hot water and place a hand cloth in it, wring it out so its only damp and run through horses coat. It soaks the grease up, you could also spray a little mane & tail spray onto the damp cloth to give that silky, shiny look.

Prevent Hoof Nippers Rusting!!
To keep your hoof nippers in good working order, clean them immediately after use than apply a light coating of mineral oil to stop them from rusting and seizing up.

White hair
Washing with a bar of Saard Wonder Soap is a cheap and effective way clean white hair including socks and tails. Rinse all soap out.

Anti Scurf Shampoo
Add a crushed aspirin to ordinary shampoo to make a good anti dandruff shampoo for scurfy manes and tails.

Leather Cleaner
For cleaning leather, a bar of glycerin soap from the supermarket is a good cheap saddle soap alternative.

Eye Flush
Dissolve 5g of salt in 500ml of lukewarm boiled water. Draw up in a 20-30ml syringe. Fold the eyelids open using the thumb and forefinger. Gently flush with saline solution. Pat surrounds dry. Apply Terramycin Pinkeye powder.

Sunburn
Try using Zinc Cream on your horses' white bits to stop them getting sunburnt.

Find it quick
Tie a piece of bright coloured ribbon around a hoof-pick so it’s easy to spot and you won’t lose it.

Quick Clean Up
For quick and easy clean ups at a show, use a Baby Wipe to remove any dirt from white markings.

Sweet itch
Mix olive oil with 5% lemon juice to cure and prevent sweet itch. Used daily the oil has regeneration properties and the lemon keeps flies away!

Clean Tails
Especially useful for people that have horses and ponies with light coloured tails.

If travelling to a show, wrap your horse’s tail in cling film before applying bandages. This will help to ensure that any stains do not penetrate the tail (the hardest part to clean at a show, especially if plated).

Damping Hay
Dry hay is a source of dust and mould that can be inhaled as a horse eats it and is more easily wasted - with up to 50% pulled apart and dropped as it is eaten! The simplest way to dampen hay is to place the allocated portion or biscuit into a clean polywoven chaff bag and spray or tip 1-2 litres of clean (preferably warm) water over the narrow cut edge so that it soaks down through the hay, with excess water draining out through the woven bag. Stand for ten minutes, and then feed out. You can prepare hay in this way in the morning for the evening feed and vice-versa, but don't let it remain damp for more than 12 hours.

Cheap Chaff Cutter
A garden mulcher makes a cheap and effective chaff cutter. Feed through once for coarse cut chaff or repeatedly for finer cut chaff.

Bot Eggs
Use sandpaper instead of a bot knife to get eggs off. It works just as well and is a lot cheaper.

Burrs in Manes & Tails
To get burrs out of the mane or tail, rub with mineral oil and they will slide off.

Mud Fever
For mud fever (rain scald) use 1 capful of "Listerine" to 2L warm water and rinse your mini with it. You can also add a capful to a spray bottle of water.

Miniature Horse 'Breast Pump'
This works really well for those times when you may need to milk a mare to feed a foal. You take a large syringe (60 cc) and take the plunger out. Cut off the end that has the tip on it so the plunger will fit into that end (just reverse of the end it originally went into). Put the plunger into the end you cut off. Pull the plunger back about 1/2 inch to start the suction. Put the open end tightly against the teat and slowly pump the plunger back and forth. When you get about an inch or two of milk, pour it into a container and start over again. This works easy and fast.

Miniature Horse breast pump